Disrupting CD47-SIRPα axis alone or combined with autophagy depletion for the therapy of glioblastoma

Date:2022-03-25 Views:102

Zhang X, Chen W ,Fan J, Wang S, Xian Z, Luan J, Li Y, Wang Y, Nan Y, Luo M, Li S, Tian W, Ju D. (2018). Disrupting CD47-SIRPα axis alone or combined with autophagy depletion for the therapy of glioblastoma. Carcinogenesis. 39(5):689-699.

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CD47-targeting immune checkpoint inhibitors have been investigated for immunotherapy of several cancers, glioblastoma, one of the most common tumors in brain, was still a challenge for CD47-targeting therapy. Herein, we reported novel strategies for glioblastoma therapy via blocking CD47-signal regulatory protein-α (SIRPα) by SIRPα-Fc alone or in combination with autophagy inhibition. Our results showed that SIRPα-Fc increased macrophages-triggered cytotoxicity and phagocytosis of glioblastoma cells then elicited potent anti-tumor efficacy. During the treatment, SIRPα-Fc induced autophagy and autophagic flux in glioblastoma cells and Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inactivation was participated in the autophagy activation. Inhibition of autophagy by pharmacological agents or small-interfering RNA increased SIRPα-Fc-triggered macrophage phagocytosis and cytotoxicity. Importantly, when compared with SIRPα-Fc treatment, blocking both CD47/SIRPα and autophagy significantly increased infiltration of macrophages and apoptosis of tumor cells, triggering potentiated anti-glioblastoma effect and extended median survival. Further experiments showed that adaptive immune response, including CD8+ T-cell subsets, was also played a crucial role in SIRPα-Fc-induced glioblastoma rejection. Our results indicated that SIRPα-Fc alone or combined with autophagy inhibitors elicited potent anti-glioblastoma effect, highlighting potential therapeutic strategies of glioblastoma via blocking CD47/SIRPα alone or in combination with autophagy inhibitor.